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Comparison of frictional forces during the closure of extraction spaces in passive self-ligatingbrackets and conventionally ligated brackets using the finite element method

Autores: Gómez-Gómez SLSánchez-Obando NÁlvarez-Castrillón MAMontoya-Goez YArdila CM




This study compared the frictional force resulting from the bracket/archwire interface and the stress at the root/periodontal ligament/bone interface, between passive self-ligating brackets and conventionally ligated brackets, during the space closure stage.

Materials and methods:

A cone beam tomography was taken to a female patient that required extraction of upper first premolars and passive self-ligating system; three months after its activation, a cone beam tomography was taken again. The designs of the maxillary bone and the entire system were possible through tomography images and stereomicroscopic photographs. Validation of the Finite ElementMethod (FEM) was achieved comparing the amount of movement seen through tomography images and the FEM. Space closure was simulated for each system through the FEM and a comparison was made between the frictional force at the bracket/archwire interface, and the root/periodontal ligament/bone interface.


The most significant representation of frictional force at bracket/archwire interface and bone stress was found at the conventionally ligated system, while the passive self-ligating system accounted for the highest distribution of stress over the root.


The FEM is an accurate tool used to quantify frictional force and stress concentration during the orthodontic closure. The passive self-ligating system was seen less frictional during the closure state compared to conventional brackets.


J Clin Exp Dent. 2019 May 1;11(5):e439-e446. doi: 10.4317/jced.55739. eCollection 2019 May.

PMID: 31275516 PMCID: PMC6599702


Friction, orthodontic bracket, finite element analysis.

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