FernánMendozaabGloria I.LafauriecSandraMoscosocJuan M.SarmientoabKarenmyMoralescManuelCastrocKatherineMéndezcJosé GregorioPeñac
To determine the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in patients with acute coronary syndrome with no comorbidities admitted to a cardiac rehabilitation programme in the Clínica Shaio Foundation, Colombia.
The study included a total of 83 patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome with no comorbidities and the following diagnoses: unstable angina (n = 27), ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (n = 34), and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) (n = 22). The prevalence and severity of periodontal disease were evaluated using the Periodontal Index of the Centres for the Control and Prevention of Diseases. A between-group comparison was made of the clinical index, plaque, calculi, gingival bleeding, probing depth, and level of clinical attachment.
The prevalence of periodontal disease was 97.6%, and advance periodontitis was observed in 38.3% of subjects. The patients with a STEMI showed more severe periodontitis. The inflammatory clinical indices of periodontal disease were increased in all groups, with no significant differences being observed. There were no significant differences between clinical attachment and heart conditions. However, it was observed that there was a higher percentage of locations with a loss of clinical attachment ≥ 6 mm, and locations with bag depths > 6 mm in patients with a STEMI.
The patients with acute coronary syndrome with no comorbidities, and who entered the cardiac rehabilitation programme to complete their treatment, had a high prevalence and severity of periodontal disease. The control of periodontal disease should be emphasised in patients with coronary disease.